Ophthalmic disorders encompass a wide range of eye-related conditions that affect vision and eye health. Common disorders include refractive errors like myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism, which cause blurred vision. Cataracts, a clouding of the eye’s lens, can also impair sight. Glaucoma, characterized by increased intraocular pressure, can lead to optic nerve damage and vision loss if left untreated. Age-related macular degeneration affects central vision, while diabetic retinopathy damages blood vessels in the retina. Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is a contagious inflammation of the eye’s surface. Timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial to managing these ophthalmic disorders and preserving vision.

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